UN General Assembly calls for US to end Cuba embargo
United Nations – The United Nations (UN) said a total of 184 countries in its General Assembly on Wednesday voted in favour of a resolution to demand the end of the United States’ economic blockade on Cuba, for the 29th year in a row, with the US and Israel voting against.
In the meeting held in-person at UN headquarters in New York, three countries – Colombia, Ukraine and Brazil – abstained, the UN said.
With overwhelming backing from the international community, the UN said the resolution has been approved ever since 1992, when the General Assembly began to vote annually on the issue with the sole exception of 2020, due to the restrictions imposed by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
While the Assembly’s vote carries political weight in terms of international diplomacy, only the US Congress can lift the economic, commercial, and financial embargo in place for five decades.
Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, present during the vote in the General Assembly Hall, said the blockade was a “massive, flagrant and unacceptable violation of the human rights of the Cuban people”.
He said the embargo is about “an economic war of extraterritorial scope against a small country already affected in the recent period by the economic crisis derived from the pandemic”.
Rodriguez estimated 2020 losses to be US$9.1 million, adding that the sanctions have made it harder for the Spanish-speaking Caribbean country to acquire the medical equipment needed to develop COVID-19 vaccines as well as equipment for food production.
“Like the virus, the blockade asphyxiates and kills. It must stop,” the envoy urged.
Meanwhile, Political Coordinator for the US Mission, Rodney Hunter, said during the vote that sanctions are “one set of tools in Washington’s broader effort toward Cuba to advance democracy, promote respect for human rights and help the Cuban people exercise fundamental freedoms”.
He underscored that, despite the blockade, the US recognises “the challenges of the Cuban people” and, therefore, the US was “a significant supplier of humanitarian goods to the Cuban people and one of Cuba’s principal trading partners”.
“Every year, we authorise billions of dollars’ worth of exports to Cuba, including food and other agricultural commodities, medicines, medical devices, telecommunications equipment, other goods and other items to support the Cuban people,” Hunter said.
“Advancing democracy and human rights remain at the core of our policy efforts,” he added. (CMC)