The Aedes aegypti mosquito is responsible for the spread of Zika, chikunyunga and dengue.
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BARBADOS HAS RECORDED an increase in the cases of dengue fever this year compared to the same period last year.
Figures released by the Ministry of Health reveal that up to July 23 this year, there were 300 confirmed cases of dengue fever compared to 41 confirmed cases for the same period last year. In addition, there were 976 suspected cases for the period this year compared to 214 last year. Last year, one death was recorded from the disease while there have been no deaths this year.
Meanwhile, the statistics for Chikungunya reveal that while in 2014, when the disease surfaced, there were 1 851 suspected cases and 139 confirmed cases in the period under review, the number of reported cases has dropped significantly since then. Last year for the period January to July 23, there were 63 suspected cases and four confirmed cases of Chikungunya, while this year for the same period, there were 113 suspected cases and no confirmed cases.
The Ministry of Health also reported last Friday that no cases of the Zika virus had been reported in the last 12 weeks. For the year so far, there have been 20 confirmed cases and 540 suspected cases.
Dengue fever, Chikungunya and Zika are all spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito and with the onset of the rainy season (June to October), chief environmental health officer, Desmond King, has appealed to residents to do all in their power to help control the population.
He explained that the best way to prevent infection was to minimise exposure to mosquito bites by taking preventive measures to reduce mosquito breeding. These include identifying and removing possible mosquito breeding sites such as collections of stagnant water from around homes and workplaces.
Householders and property owners are advised to securely cover domestic water storage containers such as buckets and drums; properly discard old tyres; and ensure that underground tanks and soak-aways are well sealed.
Other important ways to avoid infection include wearing clothing with long sleeves and long legs, especially in the morning and late afternoon; using mosquito repellents with 30 per cent DEET concentration; and sleeping under an insecticide-treated bed net, especially during the day.
The Ministry of Health, meanwhile, is continuing fogging exercises and stepping up house-to-house inspections by officers of the Environmental Health Department. (BGIS)